Logic 101

Arguments cannot consist of solitary statements
Rather, arguments contain at least two claims
Arguments, therefore, are never true and never false
Say they're either and you misconstrue their aims

Arguments that aim at guaranteeing their conclusions
Are deductive (whether they succeed or not)
When instead the aim is less than full support for something
An inductive argument is what you've got

Arguments are valid or invalid if deductive
If inductive they can range from weak to strong
Statements on the other hand are either true or false
Call them valid or invalid and you're wrong

Premises are statements offered to support conclusions
The conclusion statement makes the central claim
Fallacies are what you have when no support connects them
In some forms so common that each has a name

Premises alone, therefore, will never be fallacious
For conclusions this appraisal's also out
What's important is the sort of link between these statements
In an argument that's what it's all about

James A. Woodbridge
Copyright © 1997